NOVEMBER 17, 1988


[H.L.] - Victim

[J.R.] - Victim

[R.Z.] - Victim

[K.J.] - Victim

[L.A.] - Victim

[M.J.] - Victim

[I.A.] - Victim

Metropolitan Toronto Police, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, May 4, 1987, May 14, 1987, July 27, 1987, December 16, 1987, December 23, 1987, April 18, 1988, May 30, 1988. NCAVC - Serial Sexual Assaults (Criminal Investigative Analysis) Foreign Police Co-operation (F.P.C.)

The following criminal investigative analysis was prepared by Special Agent Gregg O. McCrary, in consultation with Supervisory Special Agent James A. Wright and other members of the national Centre for the Analysis of Violent Crimes (NCAVC). The analysis is based upon a review of the materials submitted by our agency, and the conclusions are the result of knowledge drawn from the personal investigative experience, educational background and research conducted by these crime analysts as by other NCAVC members. It is not a substitute for a thorough well planned investigation and should not be considered all inclusive. This analysis is based upon probabilities noting however, that no two criminal acts or criminal personalities are exactly alike and, therefore, the offender at times may not fit the analysis in every category. This analysis contains information of a confidential and sensitive nature; and is provided for your investigative assistance. It should not be disseminated except to other criminal justice agencies with a legitimate investigative or prosecutorial interest in this matter.


Analysis of the victims in an effort to determine their risk factor is of significance. The susceptibility of these women becoming victims of a sexual assault was examined in conjunction with their individual lifestyles, background, and overall social and physical environments. We found nothing in any of these women's backgrounds or lifestyles that would elevate their risk of becoming victims of a violent crime and/or sexual assault. We consider all of these victims to be low-risk victims.

There are observable similarities in that the victims are white females 15-21 years of age, with six out of seven living in the Scarborough area and three of those living in extremely close proximity to one another. The significance of this will be discussed in greater detail in the crime analysis section of this report.

The fact that four of the victims either traveled from or through the downtown area immediately prior to the attack is noted, but is not felt to be of significance in this analysis. If the offender was selecting his victims from a downtown location and surveilling them to their residential area for the attack, we would expect to see a far more random geographical pattern to the attacks then there is. With the exception of the Mississauga attack, all are clustered in the Scarborough area.

Another notable similarity among the victims is their small physical stature, ranging from 5'1" and 95 pounds to 5'3" and 135 pounds. this will be discussed in more detail in the crime analysis section also.


The result of the medical and laboratory examinations of each of the victims is complete and specific details are readily retrievable from those reports, therefore, no attempt will be made to summarize the findings.

All reports are consistent with and tend to corroborate the individual victim's specific allegation regarding each attack.


A meaningful behavioral analysis of a series of sexually motivated attacks is best accomplished by examining the assailants verbal, sexual, and physical behaviour during the commission of the attacks. In conjunction with these considerations, the following aspects are being set forth as significant.

The process by which an offender targets and/or selects his victims is of obvious importance.

We feel your offender uses bus stops for staking out points. He surveills streets rather that homes and does so at night. Some victims were victims of opportunity while others appear to have been previously targeted to a degree. We believe the offender has seen victims or potential victims in passing, but had no urge to attack and at other times has seen victims, had the urge to attack, but the moment was inopportune.

The successful attacks occurred when the urge, opportunity and victims coincided. The victims are being targeted by the offender in the areas in which the attacks are occurring. He is following them short distances before attacking them.

The six victims in Scarborough were all approached from behind, while the victim in Mississauga was approached from the front. He gained control over all the victims by the immediate application of injurious physical force. He maintained control of the victims through the use of physical force and verbal threats of bodily harm and or death, all of which were often accomplished while brandishing a knife in a threatening and intimidating manner.

All victims were attacked outdoors, while walking alone, near their residence during the hours of darkness.

Typically, this type of offender starts his attacks in an area with which he is familiar. This familiarity is usually the result of the offender living or working in that area and gives him a sense of security and comfort as he knows the neighbourhood well, can plan escape routes etc. The behaviour exhibited by your offender is consistent with this premise.

We believe your offender resides in the Scarborough area, specifically within walking distance of the first, second and fifth attacks. Because he lives in his attack area it is of utmost importance to him that the victims not see him. This is one of the reasons he prefers to approach the victims from the rear. Upon contact he forces them face down into the ground and or demands they keep their eyes closed to ensure they do not see him.

The victim in Mississauga was approached in a slightly different manner. After following her for a distance on foot, he approached her under the guise of asking directions. This approach allowed the victim to see his face, but was short in duration as the offender did not finish his first sentence before physically assaulting this victim and forcing her face down to the ground. It is our opinion that the offender was less concerned about being seen by his victim as he does not spend a great deal of time in the Mississauga area and believes that it is unlikely he would be recognized or seen there again.

Another reason your offender approaches his victims from behind is that he harbours some inadequacies. These inadequacies are further evident in his verbal behaviour as he scripts many of his victims to say, "Tell me you hate your boyfriend and you love me." "Tell me you love me, tell me it feels good" and other ego-gratifying statements.

Another indication of his inadequacies is evident in his victim selection. He selected victims that appeared non-threatening to him. As noted in the victimology section, the victims are physically small and could offer no real resistance to the attack. Each victim was walking alone at the time of the attack and was virtually defenseless.

Anger, however, is the primary behaviour exhibited by your offender. His intent is to punish and degrade the victims as he is angry at all women. This is evident in the blitz style approach and the majority of his verbal behaviour as well as the type and sequence of sexual acts forced upon the victims in conjunction with the punishing physical force used against them.

The typically profane verbal behaviour combined with scripting the victims to describe themselves as a bitch, a cunt, a slut etc., evidences his anger and his need to punish and degrade his victims.

This anger is also apparent in your offender's sexual behaviour. By forcing the victims to perform oral sex on him after he has repeatedly vaginally and anally assaulted them he is punishing, degrading the humiliating them. The type and sequence of sexual assault is consistently observable in the series of attacks.

His anger is unmistakable when observing the excessive physical force he uses against the victims. What is of concern is the escalation in violence observable in this series of attacks. He is using far more physical force against the victims than is necessary to control them. In addition to this, the offender has stuffed articles of clothing into the mouths of victims and in the case of the sixth victim, not only broke her collar bone, but poured dirt on her and rubbed it into her hair and onto her body. This is a symbolic gesture which expresses the assailants opinion of women.

We do not believe the offender would attack a victim with a premeditated idea of murdering her. However, we would opine, based upon our research and experience, that if confronted by a victim who vigorously resists his attack, your offender is the type who would likely become so enraged he could lose control and thereby become capable of unintentionally murdering the victim.

This type of behaviour is observable in your offender to a lesser degree in these attacks. In analyzing the interaction between the individual victims and the offender it can be seen that the victims feel overpowered by him and are generally compliant and submissive. Still, when the victims either misunderstand a command or delay, even momentarily responding to a demand, the offender immediately becomes enraged and escalates the amount of violence directed at the victim.

The offenders escalation in violence is observable also as the first three attacks could been seen as attempted rapes where no penile penetration occurred, while the rest of the attacks were successful rapes from the offenders view point as he achieved penile penetration. This expansion of the sexual nature of the assaults was accompanied by an escalation in the verbal and physical violence directed at the victims.

Also observable in the offender is the development of sadistic tendencies. He asked the seventh victim, should I kill you, thereby making her beg for her life. The sadist achieves gratification by the victims response to his attempts to dominate and control her either physically or psychologically, by posing a question that made the victim beg for her life he is deriving pleasure.

He has shown adaptive behaviour, indicating he is becoming comfortable in committing the assaults and feels unthreatened and in control. This is exemplified in the sixth attack. While he was accosting the victim and attempting to gain control over her, a car pulls out of a driveway a few inches away and drives by them. He does not panic, but forces the victim into some bushes near a house and continues to assault her.


Your offender is a while male, 18 to 25 years of age. It should be cautioned that age is a difficult category to profile since an individuals behaviour is influenced by emotional and mental maturity, and not chronological age. No suspect should be eliminated based on age alone. The behaviour exhibited throughout these assaults suggests a youthful offender rather than an order more mature one.

As noted above, we believe your offender lives in the Scarborough area. He is familiar with Scarborough, especially the initial assault sites, and, therefore, in all probability lives in the immediate vicinity of those first assaults.

The offenders anger towards women will be known by those individuals who are close to him. He will speak disparingly of women in general conversation with associates.

He had a major problem with women immediately before the onset of these attacks. His anger would have been apparent not only for the particular woman involved but those close to him.

He is sexually experienced but his past relationships with women have been stormy and have ended badly. In all probability he has battered women he has been involved with in the past. He places the blame for all his failures on women.

If he has a criminal record, it will be one of assaultive behaviour. The arrests will likely be for assault, disturbing the pace, resisting arrest, domestic disturbance, etc.

His aggressive behaviour would have surfaced during adolescence. His education background will be at the high school level with a record of discipline problems. He may have received counseling for his inability to get along with others, his aggressiveness, and or substance abuse.

He is bright, but an underachiever in a formal academic setting.

He is nocturnal and spends a good deal of time on foot in the target assault area.

We believe your offender is single.

The offender has an explosive temper and can easily become enraged. This rage transfers over into the rest of his life.

He blames everyone else for his problems.

His work record will be sporadic and spotty as he cannot hold a job due to his inability to handle authority.

He is financially supported by his mother or other dominant female in his life.

He is a lone wolf type of person. He can deal with people on a superficial level but prefers to be alone.

The personal property of the victims which your offender took from the assault scenes is being kept by him. These effects are viewed as trophies by the offender and allow him to relive the assaults. He will keep these items in an area which is under his personal control which he feels in secure, but yet allows him ready access to them.

The nature of these attacks will continue to be episodic and sporadic. In all probability, they will continue to occur outdoors as he is familiar with the area and this familiarity gives him a sense of freedom and mobility which would be denied if he were to attack indoors. Each attack is precipitated by a stressor in the offenders life. This stressor could be either one in face or in his mind.

The offender recognizes his inadequacies and attempts to mask them, but very often overcompensates. These inadequacies are not known by casual acquaintances, but are well known by those closest to him.


Your offender harbours no guilt or remorse for these crimes. He believes his anger is justified and, therefore, so are the resultant attacks. His only concern is being identified and apprehended.

Any further questions regarding this analysis or discussion regarding investigative strategy and interview techniques should be direct to SA Gregg O. McCrary or SSA James A. Wright, F.B.I. Academy, Behavioral Science Unit.